History of Medicine: Bibliography and Timeline

Dr. Ian Carr

Professor Emeritus, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba



Clendening, Logan. Source Book of Medical History. New York: Dover, 1960.

Lyons, Albert S. and R.J. Petrucelli. Medicine An Illustrated History. New York: Abrams, 1978.

Magner, Lois N. A History of Medicine. New York: Dekker, 1992.

Majno, Guido. The Healing Hand, Man and the Wound in the Ancient World. New York: Classics of Medicine Library, 1991.

Major, Ralph Hermon. Classic Descriptions of Disease. Springfield, IL: Thomas, 1932.

Osler, William. Sir William Osler, 1849-1919: A Selection for Medical Students. Edited and with an Introduction by Charles G. Roland. Toronto: The Hannah Institute for the History of Medicine, 1982.

Porter, Roy. The Cambridge Illustrated History of Medicine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

References to Specific Topics

Historical Aspects of Aboriginal Medicine

Fenton, William N. Masked Medicine Societies of the Iroquois Smithsonian Institution. Ohsweken, Ont.: Iroqrafts, 1984.

Densmore, Frances. Indian Use of Wild Plants for Crafts, Food, Medicine and Charms. Ohsweken, Ont. : Iroqrafts, 1987.

Women in Medicine

Achterberg, Jeanne. Woman as Healer. Boston, MA: Shambhala, 1990.

Bourdillon, Hilary. Women as Healers: A History of Women and Medicine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

The Medical Timeline: A Chronology of Medical History

 4500  Sumeria & Egyptian cultures start
 2980  Imhotep (Egypt) and the pyramid builders
 2700  Huang Ti (China)
 2250  Code of Hammurabi
 1500  Ebers papyrus
 460-431  Periclean Athens
 460-370  Hippocrates
 80  Mithridates and his mixture
 14 -37  Tiberius: Celsus
 117-138  Hadrian Aretaeus Soranus
 131-201  Galen
 369  Hospital of St Basil, Caesarea
 476  Fall of Western Roman Empire
 51  Hotel Dieu Paris founded
 848-1811  School of Salerno
 860-932  Rhazes
 871-901  Alfred the Great King of England
 1098-1179  Hildegarde of Bingen
 1158  University of Bologna
 1137  St. Bartholomew's Hospital London
 1222  University of Padua
 1270  Invention of spectacles-Venice
 1300-1368  Guy de Chauliac
 1322  Examination of Jacoba Felicie
 1347  Black Death
 1336-1453  Hundred Years War
 1440-1450  Printing
 1493-1551  Paracelsus
 1492  Discovery of America
 1494  Syphilis appears in Europe
 1505  Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh
 1510-1590  Ambroise Pare
 1520  Magellan's voyage plagued by scurvy
 1532  London bills of mortality
 1543  Vesalius at Padua; De Fabrica
 1578-1657  Harvey; 1628 De Motu Cordis
 1605  Champlain; autopsy on scurvy
 1639  Hotel Dieu de Quebec
 1665  Great Plague of London
 1673  Leeuwenhoek: microscope
 1701  Mary Wortley Montague -- variolation at Constantinople
 1770  William Hunter's Anatomy School, London
 1780  Benjamin Franklin: bifocal lenses
 1796  Edward Jenner: vaccination
 1811  Massachusetts General Hospital , Boston
 1815  Waterloo; Laennec & auscultation
 1817  Cooper: Ligation of abdominal aorta
 1824  Medical teaching Montreal & Toronto
 1830  Cholera epidemics
 1843  OW Holmes: cause of puerperal fever
 1842-7  Anaesthesia: Long, Morton, Wells,Simpson
 1849  Elizabeth Blackwell graduated
 1857  Florence Nightingale
 1867  Lister: antiseptic surgery
 1867  Emily Stowe graduated
 1871-2  Hospitals in Winnipeg